Prostate Cancer Stage

Prostate Cancer Stage

Setting the stage of prostate cancer is the process used to find out how far the cancer has spread both within and immediately around the prostate as well as if it has spread more distantly to other parts of the body. Several different tests can be used either alone or in combination to determine the extent of spread of the cancer. Not all of these tests are needed in all men. Staging tests include the DRE, PSA Blood Test, Ultrasound, Biopsy, Bone Scan, Cat Scan, MRI and PET Scan.

What is your Prostate Cancer Stage?

Your prostate cancer stage is set after testing. Stage describes if the tumor was detected or felt during the digital rectal exam. The prostate cancer stage also indicates whether or not the cancer may have spread to lymph nodes or other organs. Clinical stage is based on all information available prior to any treatment and designated by the TNM system as shown below.

Prostate Cancer Stage Rating System

T1 – Cancer present, but not detectable in DRE or on imaging.

T1a – Found incidentally, Less than 5 percent of sample malignant and low-grade.

T1b – Found incidentally, More than 5 percent of sample malignant and/or not low-grade.

T1c – PSA elevated, not palpable, found in needle biopsy.

T2 – Tumor is palpable in DRE; organ confined.

T2a – Confined to half or less than half in one of the prostate’s two lobes.

T2b – Confined to more than one half of one lobe of gland but not both.

T2c – The tumor is in both lobes but within the prostatic capsule.

T3 – Locally extensive cancer.

T3a – Penetration of prostate capsule on one or both sides.

T3b – Invasion into the seminal vesicle.

T4 – Tumor extension to other organs.

T4a – Cancer that has invaded the bladder neck and/or rectum and/or external urinary sphincter.

T4b – Cancer that involves other areas near the prostate.

N – Lymph node involvement.

NO – No cancer detected in the lymph nodes.

N1 – Cancer spread to one or more lymph nodes measuring less than 2cm.

N2 – Cancer spread to one or more lymph nodes measuring 2-5cm.

N3 – Cancer spread to one or more lymph nodes measuring more than 5cm.

M – Metastasis to distant sites other than lymph nodes (cancer spread).

MO – Cancer that is confined to the prostate, surrounding tissues and pelvic lymph nodes.

M1 – Cancer that has spread beyond the pelvic area to bones, lungs, etc.

Advice for Men Diagnosed with Prostate Cancer

Edward Weber, M.D. offers advice For Patients of Prostate Cancer. It is important to be informed, but you do not need to do this alone. That is what the specialists are there for. This is the time for deliberation, since once treated you cannot reverse the course. Watch this video to learn more.


What is Prostate Cancer?

Do you have questions about Prostate Cancer? Do you know the Symptoms? The Causes? Has someone you know expressed concern that they might have Prostate Cancer?

Diagnosed with Prostate Cancer?

Recently diagnosed patients and families should do all they can to learn about the tests and treatment options in the fight against prostate cancer.

Treating Prostate Cancer.

Most patients have options when it comes to the treatment of prostate cancer. Learn about your prostate cancer treatment options.

Explore Common Prostate Cancer Terms

To Learn More, Click on Any of the Terms Below

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