Prostate

Learn the Function and Location of the Prostate

The prostate is a gland found only in men. Understanding the location and function of the prostate is key to explaining symptoms of prostate cancer and other non-cancerous conditions that can effect the prostate function. The prostate is located just beneath the bladder, between the penis and rectum, (see diagram below.) The urethra tube runs out of the bladder, through the center of the prostate, then to the penis, providing the path for urination. In aid of reproduction, prostate muscles help to expel sperm from the body while secreting seminal fluids that protect and nourish the sperm. Incontinence or sexual dysfunction can sometimes be caused by prostate cancer and even treatment for prostate cancer.

The prostate cells produce an enzyme named Prostate Specific Antigen or PSA, found in a man's blood. PSA is produced exclusively by prostate cells. Elevated levels of the PSA enzyme can be helpful in diagnosing issues with the prostate, like cancer or infection. These elevated levels of PSA can be detected with a simple blood test. For more information, visit our page on PSA.

The prostate is a gland found only in men. Understanding the location and function of the prostate is key to explaining symptoms of prostate cancer and other non-cancerous conditions that can effect the prostate function. The prostate is located just beneath the bladder, between the penis and rectum, (see diagram below.) The urethra tube runs out of the bladder, through the center of the prostate, then to the penis, providing the path for urination. In aid of reproduction, prostate muscles help to expel sperm from the body while secreting seminal fluids that protect and nourish the sperm. Incontinence or sexual dysfunction can sometimes be caused by prostate cancer and even treatment for prostate cancer.

The prostate cells produce an enzyme named Prostate Specific Antigen or PSA, found in a man's blood. PSA is produced exclusively by prostate cells. Elevated levels of the PSA enzyme can be helpful in diagnosing issues with the prostate, like cancer or infection. These elevated levels of PSA can be detected with a simple blood test. For more information, visit our page on PSA.

What is the Prostate?

  • The prostate is a walnut sized gland that is part of the male reproductive system.
  • The prostate is located beneath the urinary bladder and in front of the rectum.
  • The prostate makes some of the fluid that nourishes and protects sperm cells in the semen. Just behind the prostate are the seminal vesicles, which make most of the fluid for the semen.
  • The urethra is a tube that carries urine and semen out of the body through the penis, running through the prostate.
  • PSA is produced exclusively by prostate cells in the Prostate.
  • The activity and growth of the prostate is stimulated by male hormones called androgens.
  • The main androgen is testosterone, produced by the testicles.
prostate anatomy diagram

  LEARN TO FIGHT PROSTATE CANCER.

Top Ten Steps in Your Fight Against Prostate Cancer

Learn the Top Ten Steps, a guide through knowledge about the prostate, prostate cancer, diagnosis and treatment. Watch our video, introducing Edward Weber, MD. and hear his advice to men just diagnosed with prostate cancer. Expert advice for your fight against Prostate Cancer.

Remission versus Recurrence?

Even with a high survival rate, relapse or recurrence of prostate cancer is way more common than you might think. Will your prostate cancer return after treatment? Will your prostate cancer treatment plan keep your cancer from coming back? Will you remain in remission, and if so, for how long? Recurrence is determined by monitoring or testing PSA Levels in the blood. If you remain in remission for 10-15 years after prostate cancer treatment, it is very unlikely that the cancer will ever return. Complete remission. No more treatment.  

 

Prostate Cancer Free Study, studies treatment outcomes for 10-15 years to show which men remained in remission.

Get The Study

Help To Continue the Work!

The Prostate Cancer Free Foundation, reviews the results of hundreds of thousands of men treated for prostate cancer. Tracking them for years. This information is available to you, and others like you, to help find the best prostate cancer treatment. This work takes time, effort, resources all of it done by volunteers. Please help us continue. Please Donate!